Eliminating deforestation through advocacy & partnership
We aim to work with others to eliminate deforestation from the world’s commodity supply chains, tackling the climate change threat and helping to deliver UN Sustainable Development Goal 15 – Life on Land.
2016 was an important milestone in the fight to eliminate deforestation, following the commitments made at the 2015 Climate Negotiations, COP 21 Paris. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set out an explicit target on halting deforestation. The Paris climate agreement acknowledged the vital role that forests play in combating climate change.
Deforestation contributes up to 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions. The principal driver of deforestation is commercial agriculture, fuelled by growing populations with increasing incomes, which have sent demand for key commodities soaring. Yet forests are essential for life. They sustain the livelihoods of 1.6 billion people who depend on them for food, medicines and fuel. They are also the lungs of our planet and help to regulate our climate.
Together with others in our industry, we have committed to achieving zero net deforestation associated with four commodities – palm oil, soy, paper and board, and beef – no later than 2020. We have extended this commitment to our tea businesses and supply chains.
Our particular focus is on palm oil sourcing, where we have the scale to make a difference. As the world’s largest single buyer of palm oil, Unilever cannot countenance this essential commodity being a source of deforestation and exploitation. Our key business objective is therefore to assure that we have affordable access to sustainably sourced palm oil for the long-term.
We purchase nearly 3% of the world’s palm oil production and 1% of its soy. This gives us significant influence, but also shows the extent of change needed to transform entire systems of supply. Our approach towards eliminating deforestation therefore has three elements:
- Transforming our supply chain, so our own purchases are fully traceable and certified sustainable.
- Encouraging the whole industry to set and meet high standards, extending beyond current certification schemes and involving growers, traders, manufacturers and retailers.
- Working with governments and other partners to embed no-deforestation pledges into national and international policies.
We believe large-scale deforestation can be prevented while food production can be increased through better agricultural practices. The highest priority for the industry must be to ensure that high conservation value forests, those with high carbon stocks, and tropical forests on peat soils are conserved. Yields from smallholder farmers can be improved, along with their livelihoods, and we are working with partners towards fundamental change here too.
Momentum is now building. We have encouraged other consumer goods companies on their deforestation commitments through collaborations such as the Consumers Goods Forum, Tropical Forest Alliance 2020 and the New York Declaration on Forests.
Over 90% of globally traded palm oil is now covered by no-deforestation pledges. The challenge is to turn those promises into action, and that requires a transformational change in global systems. As a step towards this we have joined with Marks & Spencer and declared our intention to move towards preferentially sourcing from jurisdictions that have adequate ‘no deforestation’ policies in place, which increases production and protects the environment and communities. This enables agricultural production and human development goals to be achieved side by side. Our focus is to develop some concrete partnerships which demonstrate the success of this approach.
Our advocacy objectives
Our advocacy objectives are three-fold:
- Through the Tropical Forest Alliance 2020 we will help to catalyse transformative change at the landscape level in key regions of South East Asia, South America and West & Central Africa
- To use our networks and relationships to ensure that large-scale, performance-based payments for emissions reductions from forests are available to tropical forest countries, as part of a new climate agreement. For example we are investing in the IDH & Norwegian Government’s ‘Production, Protection and Inclusion’ Fund that aims to raise $400 million by 2020 and could lead to over $1.6 billion in deforestation-free agriculture investments.
- To mainstream sustainable palm oil by aligning the changes underway so that a viable new global palm oil standard can be adopted.
Our principal partnerships
The Tropical Forest Alliance 2020
The Tropical Forest Alliance 2020 (TFA 2020) was brought about by the Consumer Goods Forum (CGF) commitment to mobilise resources within its respective businesses to help achieve zero net deforestation by 2020. The Alliance includes the governments of both tropical forest and donor/consumer countries, NGOs and representatives of indigenous people, and businesses spanning commodity supply chains.
Global Forest Watch
Global Forest Watch is a World Resources Institute initiative that provides a dynamic online forest monitoring and alert system which empowers people everywhere to manage forests better. We are stepping up our engagement with consumers on this agenda, both through our own programmes and via our partnerships.
Raising consumer awareness
Forests support 80% of terrestrial biodiversity across the globe. Our partnership with WWF aimed to raise awareness of the importance of forests to life on earth as well as the threats our forests face. We are helping to protect one million trees in two of the world’s most threatened areas, Brazil and Indonesia, with special emphasis on reducing deforestation and forest degradation, restoring forest areas, promoting sustainable forest management and increasing tree stocks in agricultural landscapes.
Following COP21 in 2015, we partnered with Carrefour supermarkets and the NGO Reforest Action to increase consumer awareness of preserving biodiversity and transforming words into actions. The campaign was launched to coincide with COP22 to reinforce our commitment to pledges made at COP21.For every three Unilever products bought at a Carrefour store in France, a tree was planted with Reforest Action.
Our goal is to plant 100,000 trees by the summer of 2017 and in doing so increase consumer awareness about the importance of biodiversity. People can learn more through a dedicated campaign website, and by participating in a planting trip.